Tooth decay and its complications and treatments

Cavitiestooth-decay-chester

Dental cavities, also known as caries, are a very common condition, almost all of us experience them at least once throughout our lifetime. The culprits behind dental cavities are primarily a diet high in sugar, poor oral hygiene or both. If a diet contains large amounts of simple sugars, it makes our oral cavities a perfect niche for oral bacteria to grow and reproduce. As a waste product these bacteria secrete organic acids, which are capable of dissolving some of the teeth’s calcium phosphate content and thus contributing to its decay. Under normal circumstances the saliva replenishes the lost minerals on a daily basis. Diets high in sugar can disturb this equilibrium and make the rate of decay higher than the rate of replenishment from the saliva, thus resulting in tooth decay. Cavities are mainly treated by fillings. Fillings are applied upon the sterilisation of the cavity to prevent further decay. They can be made out of various materials, traditionally amalgam was the most popular material, but due to its metallic colour composite white fillings have become more popular for their aesthetics. If you would like to find a dentist in Chester to treat cavities, book an appointment with us, the Future Health Partnership Practices in Chester.

Tooth loss

Tooth loss occurs through similar mechanisms to cavities and tooth decay, and it is often a consequence of these conditions. Tooth loss occurs when the decay causing bacteria reach the innermost layer of the tooth, the pulp tissue. This is the living part of the tooth – it supplies it with the necessary minerals and nutrients. If the bacteria infect the pulp tissue, tooth loss is almost unavoidable. Oral microbial overgrowth is also capable of inducing gum disease. Gum disease occurs as a result of the overpopulated oral microbiota causing inflammation. If this is left untreated, the chronic inflammation can cause permanent damage in the gum tissue, which plays a key role in holding our teeth in their appropriate positions. This can lead to tooth loss. Dental injuries through sports, traffic or workplace accidents may also cause tooth loss. Tooth loss can be treated with dental implants. These are surgically applied metal appliances inserted into the jawbone, where, due to their special material, they integrate into the jawbone. They serve as an artificial root, upon which the newly custom made replacement teeth are applied. If you would like to find a dentist in Chester to apply dental implants, we have the experience and expertise to get your teeth fully functioning again.

Prevention of tooth decay and tooth loss

Tooth loss and especially tooth decay are very common conditions, but it is important to know that they are largely preventable. Understanding how these conditions occur is crucial to prevent them from happening. Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing your teeth at least twice a day. Using an antibacterial mouthwash can help you keep your oral microbes in control. Good oral hygiene can help you prevent tooth decay, gum disease and potential tooth loss. Preventing injury related tooth loss is a bit more difficult due to the unpredictable nature of injuries, however, wearing a mouthguard when playing contact sports can certainly help. If you would like a dentist in Chester to treat tooth decay, do not hesitate to get in touch with us.