Tooth decay and its complications and treatments


Dental cavities, also known as caries, are a very common condition, almost all of us experience them at least once throughout our lifetime. The culprits behind dental cavities are primarily a diet high in sugar, poor oral hygiene or both. If a diet contains large amounts of simple sugars, it makes our oral cavities a perfect niche for oral bacteria to grow and reproduce. As a waste product these bacteria secrete organic acids, which are capable of dissolving some of the teeth’s calcium phosphate content and thus contributing to its decay. Under normal circumstances the saliva replenishes the lost minerals on a daily basis. Diets high in sugar can disturb this equilibrium and make the rate of decay higher than the rate of replenishment from the saliva, thus resulting in tooth decay. Cavities are mainly treated by fillings. Fillings are applied upon the sterilisation of the cavity to prevent further decay. They can be made out of various materials, traditionally amalgam was the most popular material, but due to its metallic colour composite white fillings have become more popular for their aesthetics. If you would like to find a dentist in Chester to treat cavities, book an appointment with us, the Future Health Partnership Practices in Chester.

Tooth loss

Tooth loss occurs through similar mechanisms to cavities and tooth decay, and it is often a consequence of these conditions. Tooth loss occurs when the decay causing bacteria reach the innermost layer of the tooth, the pulp tissue. This is the living part of the tooth – it supplies it with the necessary minerals and nutrients. If the bacteria infect the pulp tissue, tooth loss is almost unavoidable. Oral microbial overgrowth is also capable of inducing gum disease. Gum disease occurs as a result of the overpopulated oral microbiota causing inflammation. If this is left untreated, the chronic inflammation can cause permanent damage in the gum tissue, which plays a key role in holding our teeth in their appropriate positions. This can lead to tooth loss. Dental injuries through sports, traffic or workplace accidents may also cause tooth loss. Tooth loss can be treated with dental implants. These are surgically applied metal appliances inserted into the jawbone, where, due to their special material, they integrate into the jawbone. They serve as an artificial root, upon which the newly custom made replacement teeth are applied. If you would like to find a dentist in Chester to apply dental implants, we have the experience and expertise to get your teeth fully functioning again.

Prevention of tooth decay and tooth loss

Tooth loss and especially tooth decay are very common conditions, but it is important to know that they are largely preventable. Understanding how these conditions occur is crucial to prevent them from happening. Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing your teeth at least twice a day. Using an antibacterial mouthwash can help you keep your oral microbes in control. Good oral hygiene can help you prevent tooth decay, gum disease and potential tooth loss. Preventing injury related tooth loss is a bit more difficult due to the unpredictable nature of injuries, however, wearing a mouthguard when playing contact sports can certainly help. If you would like a dentist in Chester to treat tooth decay, do not hesitate to get in touch with us.

What kinds of dental treatments exist?

Dental implantsdentist-chester

Tooth loss can be a very stressful and unpleasant condition, that not only affects your daily activities, such as speaking, chewing or biting, but it can also severely affect your mental health and result in depression, anxiety, loss of self-confidence and other mental conditions. Children go through a natural period of losing their milk teeth, which gradually get replaced by permanent teeth between the ages of 6 and 13 years. Tooth loss in adulthood can be due to numerous reasons, but the leading causes are tooth decay, gum disease and the chronic inflammation associated with damage, and dental injuries. Most of these can be prevented by maintaining good oral hygiene through brushing and flossing your teeth at least twice a day, and also by wearing mouthguards when engaging in dangerous activities, such as martial arts. Dental implants are a treatment option for patients with tooth loss. Dental implants are screw-like devices made out of titanium, which are surgically inserted into the jawbone to serve as a replacement root, upon which the artificial teeth are attached. If you are looking for a dentist in Chester to treat tooth loss, get in touch with us, the Future Health Partnership Practices in Chester.

Orthodontic treatments

Orthodontics is focused on the treatment of tooth and jaw misalignments. Orthodontic conditions have been with humanity since our earliest days, even 50,000-year-old human remains have been found to have crooked teeth. Orthodontic conditions include e.g. overbites, crossbites, underbites, crowding, crooked teeth, open bites, gaps between teeth and abnormal eruptions. These are mainly treated by braces. Prior to the invention of dental adhesives in the 1970s, braces were metal bands wrapped around each tooth. The invention of dental adhesives and the widespread use of stainless steel made braces accessible and affordable for a wider range of the population. Nowadays metal braces are not the only option for patients with orthodontic conditions. Invisible aligners are transparent plastic aligners, which fit on teeth perfectly. A series of transparent custom made plastic aligners are made throughout the treatment to adjust for the teeth’s movement. Invisible braces are available as well, these work in the same way as metal braces, the only difference is that they are made out of tooth-coloured porcelain and transparent plastic. If you would like to find a dentist in Chester to treat orthodontic conditions, book an appointment with us, the Future Health Partnership Practices in Chester.


Veneers are small amounts of a given material layered on top of damaged or eroded teeth to improve their appearance and function. They were invented in the 1930s by a Californian dentist, who used them to temporarily change actors’ teeth’s appearance before an acting performance or film shoot. At this time they were only a very temporary solution. Today’s veneers are capable of lasting many years if looked after properly. Getting veneers is a less invasive procedure than getting crowns and leaves a greater part of the original tooth at the end of the preparatory works, however, dental crowns certainly have their own advantages too. If you would like to find a dentist in Chester to help you improve your smile, book an appointment with us!

What are dental implants and how do they work?

Tooth decay and tooth lossdentist-in-chester

Tooth loss can be an incredibly uncomfortable and worrying experience that does not only impair your ability to chew, bite and speak but can severely impact your mental health in a negative manner as well. The good news is that most tooth loss cases are preventable by practising good oral hygiene habits. Tooth decay occurs due to bacteria in our oral cavity overgrowing. These species feed on sugars found in small food particles left in our mouth. They secrete organic acids as a waste product. When there is a large amount of sugar available to them, they reproduce and can overgrow, which in turn results in increased acid production. This can degrade some of the calcium phosphate content of our teeth, leading to tooth decay. If tooth decay is left untreated it can cause tooth loss as well if the bacteria infect the pulp tissue. Oral microbes can also cause gum disease due to the chronic inflammation they induce. Chronic inflammation, if left untreated, can create permanent damage in the gum tissue, leading to tooth loss. Dental trauma may also cause tooth loss. Prevent tooth loss from happening by practising good oral hygiene and by wearing a mouthguard when engaging in very physical activities. If you have been affected by tooth loss or tooth decay, visit our dentist in Chester at Future Health Partnership Practices.

What are dental implants?

Dental implants are an innovative way of replacing lost teeth. They are small screw-like metal appliances surgically inserted into the jawbone. They are made out of a special metal called titanium which is often used as a surgical implant material, due to its capability to integrate into our tissues as if it was our own tissue. This process is called osseointegration. Dental implants serve as a fixing point for your artificial teeth, just as if they were an artificial root. Prior to getting dental implants any pre-existing condition, such as gum disease or tooth decay has to be treated to increase the likelihood of successful implantation. It is important to get dental implants as soon as possible after a tooth is lost, as the jawbone tends to disintegrate and weaken with time spent without teeth. Seeking treatment soon can also increase the likelihood of successful implantation. If you are looking for a dentist in Chester to get dental implants we have the experience and expertise to ensure you regain full functionality of your teeth.

How does the surgery work?

Dental implantation is carried out under anaesthesia or sedation. This puts you into a dream-like state of consciousness and decreases surgery related anxieties. Local anaesthetics are applied to mitigate any pain occurring during the surgery. Once the surgery is completed, the implant and the surrounding tissues have to be left to heal for a few months, depending on individual healing rates. Younger people heal faster, while older people and smokers tend to undergo slower healing. After the healing process is completed another visit to your dentist is required to attach your new artificial teeth. If you are looking for a dentist in Chester to get dental implants, get in touch with us, the Future Health Partnership Practices and book an appointment.

Curious to learn more about dental veneers? Your top 5 FAQS answered by our dentist

It is a common conundrum for many dental patients; they want to have a whiter, healthier-looking smile but are concerned about traditional whitening techniques heightening already sensitive teeth.chester-dentist

Also, if you are looking for a way to close a minor gap in your smile, it may not seem worth the effort to invest in a set of adult orthodontics. Luckily, there is a cosmetic dental solution that can solve both of these issues, improving your confidence and improving your smile.

Introducing dental veneers! Imagine a false nail that is placed over a damaged, discoloured nail to improve the appearance and the strength. In essence, this is what a dental veneer is, except it is placed over the front of your teeth to conceal any discolouration, cracks or other types of damage you want to conceal.

And at our practice, Future Health Partnership, our dentist in Chester has helped many of our dental patients to boost their confidence using dental veneers. Easy to fit, simple to maintain and requiring no additional hassle or dental trips, these cosmetic coverings have revolutionised the way dental teams can improve smiles.

But before you book your appointment with our dentist in Chester to have your veneers fitted, you will probably have some questions. Here, we answer some of the top 5 questions that we are asked about dental veneers.

How are they made?

Our dentist in Chester will need to take a mould of the teeth which the dental veneers are to be placed on. This is then sent to a dental laboratory, for your new coverings to be sculpted in a large, 3-D dental printer. Depending on the material you have chosen, they will be made of either composite or porcelain.

This process can take a few weeks to complete, but once they are sent back to our team, you are ready for the fitting!

Can they whiten my teeth?

Oh yes!

Many people use dental veneers as an alternative to traditional whitening, which can cause heightened dental sensitivity. As they can be coloured in any shade of white you want, they can whiten your smile up to 18 shades!

How do they stay in place?

Our team will need to gently sand the surface of your tooth, and will then apply a dental cement. The veneer is then placed on top and there you are! Simple!

How long will they last?

Depending on your level of oral hygiene and lifestyle factors such as smoking and drinking (both of which shorten the longevity of implants), your newly fitted pearly white coverings can last up to and over 20 years.

Do they need any special care to keep them looking good?

No; as porcelain is less porous than enamel, veneers are less likely to stain from consumption of products like red wine and coffee. You will need to brush them and care for them as you do with your teeth in general, but this is more to ensure that your gums stay healthy, which can impact their longevity too.

Struggling to get your toddler to the dentist? 5 benefits of early years dental care

Few parents can say that getting their child to attend a dental check-up is easy.

While children generally dislike most medical appointments, it seems that dental based ones are their least favourite, causing many parents to wonder what the importance of child based dental care actually

Indeed, your child’s milk teeth are not permanent, but there is more to children’s dentistry than simply keeping baby teeth in good condition. There are many aspects of early years dental care that simply cannot be taught later in life, so it is best to ensure that as soon as your child turns 12 months old, they attend their first dental visit.

At Future Health Partnership Practices, our teams have seen many children through those first few early appointments, and have seen the long-term benefits of their work. Our dentist in Chester will always ensure that you and your child are comfortable and confident under their care, treating you both with compassion and respect at all times.

But what are some of the advantages that your child will gain from early years dental care? Read on to find out!

Forms good habits

Of course, a key benefit of introducing your child to dentistry early in life is that it forms good habits. Our dentist in Chester will show them how to correctly care for their teeth, discuss the harmful impacts of too many sugary sweets and teach them how to spot problems. All of these are important to maintaining a healthy mouth, and can easily be introduced to children.

Builds trust

An intrinsic link has been found between children who attended dental surgeries earlier in life and having a higher standard of dental health when they are older.

Why? Because early exposure allows your child to build trust with our dentist in Chester and reduces the chances of phobias later in life. And, with no phobias to worry about, they are naturally more likely to attend their dental check-ups as adults.


Another advantage is that early dental trips allow our team to prevent issues from occurring later in life, with the most well-known area being orthodontic issues.

While your child may need to wear braces to correctly align their teeth and jaws, our team may be able to offer this treatment sooner, reducing the overall time-span of wearing a brace.

Boosts confidence

Children who have healthy, white teeth are more likely to show them off and to feel good about how they look.

The result is that they will feel more confident in their appearance throughout their life. As we all know children love to get praise, and each dental visit will end with them receiving approval from our team for keeping their teeth healthy.

Better overall health

A health mouth equates to a lowered risk of secondary conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disorders. So, helping your child to see the importance of keeping their teeth and gums healthy goes far beyond simply having a whiter and straighter smile!

Need a way to close that gap? 5 advantages of dental implants to discuss with our dentist

It is a somewhat unfortunate reality that when a person loses a tooth or teeth, it can have a knock-on effect in their

Areas which were once filled by teeth may now act as magnets for plaque and bacteria to accumulate. In turn, this can cause decay to form easily, leading to further damage and even gum disease, things no one wishes to have.

In years gone by, dental teams would have attempted to offset these issues by offering patients a full or partial denture or even a fitted bridge. But, as many wearers of these prosthetics have discovered, they are prone to moving and, in the case of fitted bridges, can put an enormous amount of pressure on the tooth that the bridge is attached to.

Luckily, thanks to the invention of dental implants, it is now possible to fill in gaps in your smile without soreness or rubbing and they can offer you a range of other benefits too.

When you come to our teams at Future Health Partnership Practices, we will be able to advise you which implant type you are best suited for, and will be able to sculpt a new set of teeth to match any natural teeth you may have. Our dentist in Chester has aided in the reconstruction and restoration of many mouths that have lost teeth, and yours could be next!

But what are the other advantages that dental implants offer over dentures or bridges? Our dentist in Chester answers that question below.

Better security

As previously mentioned, dentures are prone to moving and, even with the strongest dental adhesive that money can buy, there is no guarantee that they will stay in place all day.

As dental implants are attached to your jaw with the prosthetic tooth or teeth placed on top, you will have the instant benefit of better security when you are eating food or talking with friends.

No sore spots

Another complaint that our dentist in Chester hears regularly about dentures is that when they move, they can cause sore spots, ulcers and inflammation to form on the gum. A far from fun experience.

As implants do not move, this is no longer an issue that you will need to worry about.

Better feel

As dental  implants are attached directly to your jaw, they offer a more natural feel when you are biting into food.

Indeed, many patients who have had implants fitted remark on how similar they feel to natural teeth when biting into apples or other hard foods.

Improved digestion

And with better bite power comes improved grinding power, which results in a lower occurrence of digestive issues such as acid reflux, heartburn and indigestion. This of course has a knock-on effect to your nutrition, allowing you to consume a wider range of foods.

Better hygiene

With no gaps in your teeth, there is nowhere for plaque and bacteria to hide. And so, your chances of developing gum disease or decay on any natural teeth are reduced dramatically.

Fed up with suffering from sensitive teeth? Treatments that our dentist can offer

It is a feeling many people know all too well.

While sipping an iced tea on a warm summer’s day, or drinking soup in the autumn, there is a twinge in one of their teeth which is very

Known as dental sensitivity, this is a widespread issue and is caused by microscopic holes in the enamel of a tooth, allowing air and stimuli access to the nerve of the tooth. These holes may have formed due to erosion, or may even be the result of an unchecked cavity. Either way, once you have a sensitive tooth, it can really impact on your confidence and diet!

There are numerous ways that a sensitive tooth can be fixed. Regardless of what causes your sensitivity, we can help!

Sensitive teeth are an issue that our dentist in Chester treats regularly, and they can offer you long-term relief from that abrupt twinge. Whether it is due to a loose filling, a cavity or just general wear and tear, once we intervene, you will leave our surgery with a set of stronger, less sensitive teeth.

So, what are some of the ways that our team can resolve your sensitive teeth permanently?

Fluoride sealant

Let’s start with the most simple of all the techniques; the application of fluoride sealant.

While traditionally used to prevent a cavity from growing, our dentist in Chester may apply this sealant to a tooth that does not appear to have any damage or decay. Why? Because fluoride sealants can act as a barrier between those microscopic holes and your mouth, allowing you to sip that hot chocolate without the twinge.

Refilling tooth

It is possible that our dentist in Chester may need to refill one or many of your teeth if the sensitivity is linked to loose or missing fillings.

This sensitivity is more likely to be a bit more noticeable than the type associated with microscopic holes and can lead to dental infections. Consequently, once all of your fillings are back to where they should be, you will notice immediate relief from the discomfort.

Crown fitting

In cases where sensitivity is caused by extreme decay, trauma or breakage, then our team may recommend fitting a crown.

While this is a bit more complicated than restoring a filling, this will once again offer you instant relief from any sensitivity, while also simultaneously restoring the strength of the tooth and its overall functionality when biting into or chewing food.

Root canal

When all of the above treatments fail to relieve your sensitivity, it is time for a root canal.

While this is a last-resort for sensitive teeth, it has a very high success-rate. Be aware, depending on the tooth that requires the root canal, this procedure may be spaced over two or more sittings.

General tips

In events of more minor cases of sensitivity, our team can also direct you to enamel restoring toothpastes and even suggest a different toothbrush, which will cause less microabrasions and thus reduce the sensitivity that you already have.


We, at Foregate Street Dental Clinic in Chester, are very proud to announce the launch of our new website!

Take a look around and let us know what you think.

Read our blog to get the latest practice news, special offers and learn more about treatment options.

‘Like’ us on Facebook here:

‘Follow’ us on Twitter here:

Thank you!